Obligation of Zakat and Rates – part 2
Allah has warned those who do not give Zakat that they will face dire consequence. He says, “O you who believe! Verily, there are many of the rabbis and the monks who devour the wealth of mankind in falsehood, and hinder (them) from the way of Allah. And those who hoard up gold and silver, and spend it not in the Way of Allah-announce unto them a painful torment (Quran 9:34).
Some essential Points about Zakat
1. A person who qualifies to pay Zakat is not eligible to receive.
2. It is not permissible to pay Zakat to your husband , wife, parents , grandparents, and the children and grandchildren.
3 Expenditure to Zakat fund is not permissible on the construction of mosque.
5. The Zakat of every locality should be spent on the poor inhabitants of the same community except if there is a calamity in other parts of the country or the world.
6. Any one who qualifies to receive Zakat, can be given it as assistance or a gift, without telling him that it is Zakat.
7. All articles of household use and properties given on rent are exempted from paying Zakat.
8, Zakat money of a particular year could be spent during the same year in advance, could be given all at once or in installments.
The collection of Zakat
In the Islamic state, it is the responsibility of the state to collect and distribute Zakat. The Qur’an says, “Take alms of their wealth and make them pure and clean ”
The Muslims Prophet says: I have been commanded to collect zakat from the rich among you and distribute it to the poor among you.
In case an Islamic society does not exist or in a non-Islamic society, the local organization of the Muslims should make arrangements for the collection and distribution of Zakat.
Wherever such arrangements exist, every Muslim is required to pay Zakat to this organization and conform to the rates and the amount of Nisab decided by the organization.
Allah has made Zakat one of the pillars of Islam and has often mentioned it in the Qur’an immediately after the Prayer, saying, “And perform Prayer and give Alms”.
The Prophet said, “Islam has been built on five [pillars]: testifying that there is no god but Allah and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah, performing the prayers, paying the Zakat, making the pilgrimage to the House (Hajj), and fasting in Ramadan” (Bukhari, Muslim).